When it comes to heart disease risk, do grains matter?

When it comes to heart disease risk, do grains matter?

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The types of grains you eat may affect your risk of heart disease. Joe St-Pierre Photography / Stocksy
  • Coronary artery disease occurs when plaques build up in the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart.
  • Early coronary artery disease is what it is called when it develops before a certain age.
  • Lifestyle choices such as diet can increase your risk of coronary artery disease.
  • A recent study suggests that eating a diet rich in refined grains may increase the risk of early coronary artery disease, while diets rich in whole grains may reduce this risk.

The heart pumps blood and nutrients throughout the body, making heart health essential to overall health. Coronary artery disease can contribute to serious heart problems, including heart attacks. Researchers are still studying risk factors for coronary artery disease and how people can take steps to avoid it.

A recent study found that diets rich in refined grains, which include white rice, white flour and white bread, are associated with an increased risk of early coronary artery disease.

In contrast, they found that diets rich in whole grains were associated with a lower risk of early coronary artery disease.

The results of the study will be shared at the 13th Congress of the Emirates Heart Association and American College of Cardiology (ACC) Middle East 2022.

coronary heart disease (CAD) occurs when the arteries of the heart do not carry enough oxygen-rich blood to the heart. that it it causes By the accumulation of plaque in these critical arteries. It can lead to serious heart problems such as heart attack or heart failure.

Early coronary artery disease (PCAD) has to do with a person’s age when they are diagnosed with coronary artery disease. This age is not hard line, with different experts serving different age groups. For example, the researchers in the current study looked at coronary heart disease in women aged 70 or younger and men aged 60 or younger.

cardiologist Dr.. safety glowHermann Katy, who is affiliated with UTHealth Houston Heart & Vascular and Memorial Hospital Hermann Katy but was not involved in the study, explained PCAD to Medical news today:

Early coronary artery disease, or early coronary artery disease, is defined as the buildup of plaque (atherosclerosis) in the arteries of the heart that reduces blood flow in males under the age of 45 and in females under the age of 55. Risk factors include diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and [a] A family history of heart disease or [a] Family history of severe high cholesterol (familial hypercholesterolemia). “

diet It can play an important role in heart health and can affect a person’s risk of developing CAD. However, researchers are still working to understand how different foods affect heart health and what dietary recommendations people can follow to better reduce their risk of heart disease.

nutrition specialist Veronica Roswho was also not involved in the study MNT:

“We are often told which foods to limit or avoid to protect the heart, because previous research focused on nutrients that increase heart disease risk, such as saturated fat and sodium. Recent research is addressing healthy eating by looking for foods such as vegetables and whole grains. And legumes that will reduce the risk of heart disease. It makes sense because we eat foods, not nutrients.”

“Our food consumption can definitely affect our heart health. Focusing on including more heart-protecting foods in your diet can help strengthen your heart.”
– Veronica Ross, Dietitian

In this current study, researchers examined dietary grain intake and risks associated with early coronary artery disease. They have looked specifically at this danger in the Iranian people.

The study involved more than 2,000 participants, including 1,369 with early coronary artery disease. This group was compared with a control group of 1168 participants who did not have early coronary artery disease. The researchers used food frequency questionnaires and nutritional assessments to examine participants’ intake of whole grains and the amount of refined grains.

“This is an interesting study comparing the intake of refined grains versus the intake of whole grains in patients at risk for heart disease. The U.S. Dietary Guidelines recommend consuming at least half of all grains as whole grains. Whole grains such as brown rice and quinoa are good examples. Refined grains are processed and contain It contains less dietary fiber, iron, and other nutrients,” Dr. Aman said.

The study authors found that diets high in refined grains were associated with an increased risk of early coronary artery disease. On the flip side, diets higher in whole-grain intake were associated with a lower risk of early coronary artery disease.

The data from the study serves as an important reminder of how diet affects heart health.

His study had some limitations. First, the study could not determine the cause. The study also looked at PCAD in a unique population, which means that the results cannot be generalized.

“Diet and disease are always going to be intricately linked. Nutritional studies, unless they are done very rigorously, lead to a lot of confusion. [that] difficult to dismiss. This study is a step in the right direction and should encourage everyone, especially patients with PCAD, to include whole grains in their diet.
– Dr. safety glare

More research could work to confirm the study results, which could lead to updates in dietary recommendations for some people. Individuals can work with their doctors and dietitians to create a nutritional plan based on their unique heart needs.

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