Dr Yu Wang, the food scientist who led the research, said in the research paper that sweeteners offered an 'expanded opportunity' to lower sugar levels in drinks (stock image)

The study found that natural sugars can be a healthy alternative in sweets without increasing the risk of diabetes

The study found that the natural sugars found in fruits such as oranges and lemons can be a healthy alternative to sweets without increasing the risk of diabetes.

  • University of Florida researchers looked at selectively bred citrus trees
  • They found eight sweeteners inside the plants, seven of which are completely new
  • One, called Oxime V, was previously known in Japan but is man-made
  • Sweeteners are often popularized as a way to reduce sugar while still retaining flavour
  • But some scientists warn that they may actually increase the risk of developing diabetes

Scientists say eight new sweeteners found in citrus fruits can be used to reduce sugar in foods and sodas – while claiming they can reduce the risk of diabetes.

Researchers at the University of Florida said they found the compounds – seven of which are completely new – after running tests on grapefruit, tangerines and sweet oranges. Another sweetener discovered, used in Japan, was previously known only as the synthetic version.

Dr Yu Wang, the food scientist who led the research, said in the paper that sweeteners offer an “expanded opportunity” to lower sugar levels in the beverage.

Sweeteners are often touted as a way to reduce sugars and calories in products while retaining the sweet flavor, which can aid weight loss.

But some scientists warn that sweeteners — such as the aspartame and stevia in diet sodas — may actually increase the risk of weight gain, diabetes and even heart attack.

Dr Yu Wang, the food scientist who led the research, said in the research paper that sweeteners offered an ‘expanded opportunity’ to lower sugar levels in drinks (stock image)

In the issue of the study, published this week in the newspaper Journal of Agriculture and Food ChemistryExperts said their discovery presented a plethora of new sweeteners.

They said Americans’ love of sugar can be a deadly attraction that sometimes leads to major health problems, including obesity and type 2 diabetes.

“This discovery opens opportunities for the food industry to produce foods and drinks with lower sugar content and fewer calories while maintaining sweetness and flavor using natural products.”

Can sweeteners increase my risk of diabetes?

The jury is still out on whether artificial sweeteners – such as those found in soft drinks – can increase the risk of diabetes.

The World Health Organization says that current evidence suggests that it helps with weight loss in the short term, leading to better controlled blood sugar levels which lowers the risk of diabetes.

But there is also a caveat that long-term use can actually have opposite effects.

They can alter the composition of the bacteria in the gut, in favor of those who are better able to extract more calories from less food.

In contrast, some studies suggest that this increases the risk of problems absorbing sugar, and subsequently developing diabetes.

The World Health Organization is currently conducting a review on the health effects of sweeteners.

In the study, scientists studied fruits from eleven different strains of citrus plants.

Each has been selectively bred for a particular flavour, and for certain qualities – such as resilience to resisting cold.

Tests revealed eight sweeteners within plants, with only one found previously.

The seven new sweeteners were named as eriodictyol, hesperetin, ADMF, DAME, hernandulcin, 4B-hydroxyhernandulcin, and perillaldehyde.

The other is Oxime V – a sweetener used in some foods in Japan – which marks the first time this has been found in nature. This was previously known only as a sweetener that could be made in laboratories.

The new sweeteners have not been tested for their effect on the risk of developing type 2 diabetes or obesity.

It was not clear what products could be added to it.

Discussing the results, Wang said: “We were able to identify a natural source of the artificial sweetener, oxy-V, that had not previously been identified from any natural source.

This creates expanded opportunities for citrus growers and for reproduction [lines] To be selected for high yields of sweetener compounds.

Sweeteners are a popular alternative to sugar in the United States, where more than a third of adults are obese.

But a growing body of papers suggests that it may negatively affect human health.

In the most comprehensive review to date, the World Health Organization (WHO) said that while sweeteners have a ‘short-term’ benefit in encouraging weight loss, in the long term they can actually lead to weight gain and obesity and an increased risk of suffering. type 2 diabetes mellitus

Some say that products full of these things actually raise a person’s hunger hormone levels because they contain so few calories, which leads to overeating.

Others warn that it disrupts the gut microbiome, which can also lead to overeating and therefore weight gain.

Concerns were also raised that sweeteners could increase the risk of heart attacks, after a study found that drinking half a cup of some Diet Coke daily increased the risk by up to a tenth. It was also found that participants are the fifth most likely to have a stroke.

Studies also show that those who use the beverage are more likely to become obese, although it is unclear whether this is due to the overweight of the beverage or because this group is more likely to use it.

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