The DASH Diet May Be Best for Lowering Heart Attack Risk

The DASH Diet May Be Best for Lowering Heart Attack Risk

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Following the DASH diet may have cardiovascular benefits for people with high blood pressure. d3sign / Getty Images
  • Globally, approx one in three People between the ages of 30 and 79 have high blood pressure In other words, high blood pressure.
  • A new simulation study finds that following the DASH diet may be the most effective lifestyle intervention Reducing cardiovascular disease in people with mild hypertension.
  • The study found that this change in diet could prevent nearly 3,000 deaths in the United States alone.

World Health Organization Estimates 1.28 billion adults in the world between the ages of 30-79 suffer from high blood pressure, or hypertension. Two-thirds of them live in low- and middle-income countries. High blood pressure can be a deadly condition, causing 7.5 million deaths annually.

Previous research has identified several lifestyle changes that can lower a person’s blood pressure, including dietary changes, getting regular exercise, and reducing alcohol intake.

a new report He found that for people in the early stages of high blood pressure, diet — and one diet in particular — is the most effective way to maintain healthy blood pressure. The report was presented in early September at the 2022 American Heart Association Hypertension Scientific Sessions in San Diego.

According to a new report estimate, the DASH diet can avoid more than 15,000 cases of heart disease among men and 11,000 cases among women in the United States alone.

The report’s authors conducted a simulation study to evaluate future hypertension outcomes. About 61% of the design population has access to healthcare. Almost half of them are women.

A multidisciplinary researcher and educator Dr. Kendra Sims, a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California, and a research co-author on the study. I explained the methodology behind the report to Medical news today:

“In our case, the simulation consists of pulling several sources of information, including the census, that reflect current and projected changes in the US population.”

“Among the initially simulated subjects without heart disease, we included risk factors derived from rigorous research studies on heart attack and stroke events. This method allows us to confidently predict how many people are likely to develop heart disease over the course of a period of time. the next decade.

Blood pressure occurs when the blood exerts external pressure on the walls of the arteries. High blood pressure occurs when the blood exerts a pressure higher than what is thought to be good for the arteries.

To measure a person’s blood pressure, health care professionals take two readings:

  • Systolic blood pressure measurement records the pressure exerted on the arterial walls during a heartbeat.
  • Diastolic blood pressure measurement records the pressure exerted on the arterial walls between heartbeats.

Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and expressed as systolic over diastolic.

High blood pressure can be severe classified in stages:

  • High – 120-129 systolic / less than 80 diastolic
  • Stage 1 high blood pressure – 130-139 systolic / 80-89 diastolic
  • Stage 2 high blood pressure – >140 systolic/ >90 diastolic
  • Hypertensive crisis – greater than 180 systolic / greater than 120 diastolic

High blood pressure is sometimes referred to as the “invisible killer.”

“Millions of working-age people walk around with high blood pressure, and it has no symptoms, but it is also a major preventable cause of disability and death,” Dr. Sims said.

The World Health Organization estimates that 46% of adults with high blood pressure do not know they have it.

“Most [hypertension patients] He did not follow the recommended DASH diet. Less than two-thirds of them had regular access to health care. This was especially true for men and people between the ages of 45 and 54.”
– Dr. Kendra Sims

The study model also revealed a disturbing surprise.

“We’ve found that young and middle-aged adults with stage 1 hypertension are no less serious as you — or even your doctor — might think!” She said.

The report predicts that 8.8 million people between the ages of 35 and 64 have untreated stage 1 hypertension.

development The DASH diet It started in the ’90s, and it was derivative over the years. DASH stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension.

Dr. Jennifer WongThe medical director of non-invasive cardiology at Memorial Care Cardiovascular Institute of Orange Coast Medical Center, who was not involved in the study, explained the heart benefits of the DASH diet for MNT:

The DASH diet encourages foods rich in potassium, magnesium, calcium, fiber and protein [as] These nutrients help lower blood pressure.”

“[With the DASH diet]There is also a limit on sodium that can help lower blood pressure. Sodium is known to collect water in the blood vessels, and it can raise blood pressure in this way. And we all know that high blood pressure increases the risk of arterial thickening and consequent heart attack, stroke and kidney failure.”
Dr. Jennifer Wong

While the DASH diet limits consumption of saturated fats, meats, and oils, Dr. Wong notes, “Also interestingly, I think that in addition to avoiding certain foods, its focus is on increasing certain foods like fruits and vegetables.”

The simulation focused on people diagnosed with mild to moderate hypertension. Dr. Wong explained the possible cause:

“This particular group is at a stage where you can really prevent problems before they become difficult to control. So you know that early high blood pressure, high blood pressure in early stage high blood pressure, this is a group that I think makes a difference with Lifestyle changes can really go a long way.”

Researchers found that switching to the DASH diet could prevent approximately 2,900 deaths annually, with a $1.6 billion reduction in national health care costs.

Michelle Rothenstein, a cardiologist nutritionist at EntirelyNourished.com, who was also not involved in the report, told MNT:

“The examples typically used in the DASH diet may not be culturally sensitive, and should be customized/adapted by a qualified, registered dietitian for optimal success.”

“I find that many people choose and choose certain principles of the DASH diet, which can discount a large part of its effectiveness,” warned Rothenstein.

She added, “In order to make community-wide change happen, more heuristic and actionable advice that makes it culturally sensitive, applicable and receptive to each individual is essential.”

Dr. Sims noted, “This research reveals that we must look for feasible ways our diet can make healthy eating the default.”

“This could be as simple as reducing the amount of salt in prepackaged foods or subsidizing large-scale farming to grow fruits and vegetables instead of corn.”
– Dr. Kendra Sims

Dr. Sims said: “Straightforward, does not mean simplicity. Well-being is a full-time, lifelong job. At the same time, financial and social constraints create obstacles for millions of people and healthy behaviors.”

“Health providers and policy makers should connect people to solutions rather than blame them for getting sick.”

Dr Sims concluded, “This might sound like, like, making a list of local farmers’ markets that are multiplying EBT . Balances Or confirm that someone has a public kitchen for storing and preparing food. Above all, it means collaborating with the patient on healthy and delicious options that best suit their culture and lifestyle. “

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