Study says eating a low-carb diet may reduce diabetes risk

Study says eating a low-carb diet may reduce diabetes risk

diabetic It is a rapidly growing health problem in the United States, with more than 37 million Americans said to live with it on a daily basis. according to Center for Disease Controlthe majority of these cases Type 2 diabetes, especially. Although this disease mostly occurs in people over 45 years of age, its incidence among children and adolescents is also increasing.

There are uncontrollable factors that may increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, such as age and genes, but lifestyle factors including movement and diet play an important role. New research from Tulane University It has been found that when it comes to your diet, limiting your daily carbohydrate intake may help reduce the risk or Managing existing diabetes.

These are certainly not the first findings about the potential benefits of a low-carb eating pattern for people with diabetes or prediabetes. For example, researchers at Stanford Medical Center He says low-carb diets such as the keto diet or the Mediterranean diet may help with management due to their ability to lower blood sugar levels.

However, these latest findings from researchers at Tulane are unique because they discovered that A low-carb diet may be able to help without treatment Individuals with current diabetes or prediabetes have lower blood sugar levels.

What did the study find?

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The researchers divided 150 participants into two groups: a low-carb diet group and a “usual” diet group. Each participant was between 40 and 70 years old, and had either diabetes or prediabetes. In addition, they cannot take any kind of medication to lower blood sugar.

Six months later, the group that ate a Low carb diet They have low levels of hemoglobin A1c, which is a common marker for measuring blood sugar levels. This means that this eating habit may be able to help people with diabetes and prediabetes alike to control their blood glucose.

It was also discovered that the low-carb group lost more overall weight, as well as lower fasting blood sugar levels than the “habitual diet” group. Fasting blood glucose levels are another measurement of blood sugar but are measured after an individual has fasted overnight.

“Given the number of Americans who develop diabetes, finding ways to reduce their risk is very important,” he says. Lauren Manaker, MS, RDNand author A first-time mommy-to-be cookbook And the Male fertility nutrition. “The results of this data are promising.”

Related: 5 worst salad dressings for blood sugar

What did the low-carb diet look like?

Participants in the low-carb group were given guidance on how many carbohydrates to consume per day, as well as behavioral counseling for the six-month period. In the first three months, participants were asked to limit their carbohydrate consumption to less than 40 grams per day, with an increase to 60 grams in the past three months.

According to the study, the ‘habitual diet’ group received ‘standard dietary advice’, but it appears that nothing else was given regarding dietary instructions for this group. At the end of the study, the low-carb group consumed fewer calories than the other group, as well as fewer total carbohydrates, added sugars, and sugar-sweetened beverages.

The low-carb diet group also consumed a lot of fatty foods, with about 50% of their total intake being fat. However, the majority of the fats consumed were monounsaturated and polyunsaturated, which are healthy fats found in things like olive oilAnd seeds, avocado and nuts.

What are the potential problems with this study?

Diabetic Diet Foods
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Although these results are promising for those with diabetes or… prediabetesThere are a few potential limitations with these results. For example, Munker notes that a sample size of 150 participants is small. Not only that, but the study measured total net carbs, which may send a limited message.

“Those who consumed the least amount of net carbs seemed to have the best results,” Maniker says. “But the one thing that worries me about these results is that the take-home message will be to keep your net carb intake low, without taking into account the carb source.”

While all carbohydrates have an effect on blood sugar levels, some do Healthier than others.

“Eating an orange, a cup of berries, or a serving of prunes has a much different effect on the body than drinking a serving of soda,” Manker explains. “Yes, fruit contains carbohydrates, but it also contains plant compounds that provide unique benefits for many health factors, including diabetes itself.”

The findings of this study are useful in advancing more knowledge of diabetes management and diet. However, as you can see, there are some critical limitations. Although there is not enough evidence here to say that a low-carb diet will prevent diabetes, it is still useful in understanding how this eating habit can help manage or lower blood sugar levels in people with prediabetes or diabetes.

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