Some dairy products work better against type 2 diabetes than others

Some dairy products work better against type 2 diabetes than others

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is the most common type of diabetes, and it occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the insulin produced does not work effectively.

The biggest risk factor for T2D is being overweight, and the number of cases is expected to rise. Heart disease, kidney disease, vision loss, and difficulty with blood circulation, leading to amputation of the foot, are all common consequences.

Current dietary recommendations for T2D prevention emphasize consumption of a variety of plant foods, including whole grains, vegetables, fruits, legumes, and olive oil, while generally advising against consuming excessive amounts of most animal products.

However, not all animal protein sources are nutritionally equivalent.

If the guidelines are updated based on how different animal products affect T2D, it will be easier for people to choose the best foods to lower their diabetes risk.

Dr. Annalisa Giosu of the University of Naples Federico II and colleagues reviewed previous studies linking certain animal diets to diabetes.

They said this type of “review of reviews” is one of the strongest types of medical evidence.

There were 175 different estimates of the effects of consuming 12 different types of animal products on type 2 diabetes risk, including total meat, red meat, white meat, processed meat, fish, whole dairy, full-fat, and low-fat dairy. . Dairy products, milk, cheese, yogurt and eggs.

Beef, lamb, and pork are considered red meat, while chicken and turkey are eggs. Bacon, sausage, and deli meats are examples of processed meats.

Consuming 100g of total meat per day (20%), 100g of red meat per day (22%), and 50g of processed meat per day (30%) were associated with a “significant” increase in T2D risk, although 50g of Eating white meat daily has been linked to a reduced risk (4%).

According to Dr. Jiuso, there can be several possible reasons for this.

For example, as explained by Dr. Jiuso, “Red and processed meats are important sources of components such as saturated fatty acids, cholesterol and blood iron, all of which are known to promote low-level chronic inflammation and oxidative stress, which in turn can decrease the sensitivity of cells to insulin.”

Processed meat also contains nitrites and sodium, which are among other harmful effects that can damage the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.

“White meat, by comparison, has less fat, a better fatty acid profile and less blood iron.”

On the other hand, dairy products appear to either neutralize the development of T2D or provide some protection against it, according to the expert.

Milk (200 g/day) was linked to a 10% lower risk, dairy products in general (200 g/day) were linked to a 5% lower risk, and low-fat dairy products (200 g/day) were linked to a 3% lower risk. . Yogurt (100 grams per day) has been linked to a 6% reduced risk.

Full-fat dairy products (200 g/day) and cheese (30 g/day) were found to have no effect on T2D risk.

“Dairy products are rich in nutrients,” the author adds, “vitamins and other bioactive compounds that may positively affect glucose metabolism — the processing of sugar by the body.

For example, the whey proteins in milk are known to modulate the rise in blood sugar levels after eating.

“Probiotics are also known to have beneficial effects on glucose metabolism, which may explain why we found that regular consumption of yogurt is associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes.”

Although the findings suggest that low-fat dairy is healthier than full-fat dairy, Dr. Gioso cautioned that because of the small size of the reduced risk, the results should be interpreted “with caution.”

“Type 2 diabetes is one of the leading causes of diet-related death worldwide,” she added.

To prevent type 2 diabetes, it is important to understand how different nutrients affect risk.

“Although more quality research is needed to achieve the high quality of evidence needed to make strong recommendations, our comprehensive review of the scientific evidence shows that regular consumption of dairy foods in moderate amounts, especially low-fat products, milk and yogurt, may help reduce the risk of developing heart disease. type 2 diabetes

“It’s also clear that while red and processed meat should be eaten in moderation, moderate amounts of fish and eggs can be good alternatives.”

These findings will be presented at the annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) in Stockholm, Sweden, next week.

Image Credit: Getty

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