Pulmonary embolism and diet: What you need to know

Pulmonary embolism and diet: What you need to know

Pulmonary embolism is a blockage of one of the pulmonary arteries. This condition is a serious medical problem and may affect up to 900,000 people in the United States every year.

Usually a pulmonary embolism it causes By means of a blood clot — also known as a thrombosis — that forms in a blood vessel and breaks apart and travels to the lungs. These clots often arise in the lower body as a result of a condition called deep vein thrombosis (DVT).

While blood clots have many causes, your lifestyle habits may play a role. You may wonder if the foods you eat can contribute to — or help prevent — embolism.

This article tells you everything you need to know about diet and its role in embolism.

Pulmonary embolism is usually caused by DVT, which occurs when a blood clot develops in one of the deep veins — usually the calf or thighs — and travels to the lungs, blocking the pulmonary artery.

Air bubbles, tumors, and other debris may also block the pulmonary arteries, although these causes are less common.

risk factors for DVT mayo Include:

  • Physical inactivity, especially staying for very long periods at one time
  • the elderly
  • Pregnancy and Birth
  • heart or lung disease
  • Genetics
  • Some medicines, such as birth control pills
  • Hip or leg fracture
  • injury or surgery from the veins
  • some cancers
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • Endocrine disorders such as diabetes and PCOS

So far, there is little research suggesting that diet plays a role in the development of pulmonary embolism or blood clots — although some conditions that may be related to diet, such as heart disease, are linked to an increased risk.

in one Study 2020Researchers evaluated people with a genetic predisposition to venous thromboembolism (blood clots that can lead to DVT or pulmonary embolism).

They found that having a body mass index (BMI) of less than 25 was associated with a 45% lower risk of blood clots compared to a body mass index of 30 or more.

Furthermore, those who exercised 1-3 times a week had 28% reduction in risk Compared to those who did not exercise at all. Interestingly, the authors found that diet was not associated with an increased risk of blood clots.

Although diet does not appear to play a direct role, adequate physical activity does.

In addition to eating a healthy diet low in ultra-processed foods related to Low body weight, which may help reduce the risk of blood clots and deep vein thrombosis.

Some data suggests that a diet rich in antioxidants may reduce the likelihood of a blood clot, which may prevent pulmonary embolism.

for example, Study 2021 Including 81,507 people who found that a diet rich in antioxidants significantly reduced the risk of developing blood clots. This effect was particularly evident in people with a history of smoking tobacco products.

Furthermore, vegetable and fruit consumption was more associated with a lower risk of pulmonary embolism, while wine consumption was associated with a lower risk of DVT.

All of these foods are rich in antioxidants, which are compounds that help reduce inflammation in the body.

The 2021 study also found a link between French fries consumption and an increased risk of embolism.

Although the authors encourage more research, they suggest that a diet rich in salt and fats—particularly trans fats—may play a role in the development of pulmonary embolism.

a 2020 review It has been found that a diet rich in antioxidants, such as the Mediterranean diet, may have anti-inflammatory, anticoagulant and antiplatelet effects, which may reduce plaque buildup in blood vessels.

Foods rich in antioxidants and polyphenols include fruits, vegetables, olive oil, nuts, seeds, fish, cocoa, and red wine.

However, the researchers explained that no food or nutrient has been shown to individually reduce the risk of thrombosis and that high-quality human clinical trials are needed.

At this time, it appears that a diet rich in antioxidants may play a secondary role in reducing the risk of thrombosis, but it cannot be recommended as a means of prevention or treatment.

In addition to eating a nutritious diet, there are Other lifestyle habits who – which May reduce your risk Pulmonary embolism, including:

  • Being physically active: Physical activity helps increase blood flow to your lower extremities and can help you maintain a moderate body weight.
  • Maintain a moderate weight: Excess weight may put pressure on the lower extremities, increasing the risk of DVT and pulmonary embolism.
  • Avoid sitting for a long time: Sitting for long periods, such as working at a desk or sitting on an airplane, can increase your risk of DVT. Ideally, try to get up every hour or so and move your legs a lot. You can increase circulation in your legs while sitting by doing ankle pumps (alternating your feet away from your body and toward your leg).
  • Quit Smoking: Smoking increases the risk of developing blood clots, deep vein thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism.
  • Staying hydrated Drinking enough water helps support healthy blood flow and may reduce the risk of DVT.
  • Wearing compression stockings: Compression stockings help promote blood flow in the lower extremities. If you are at risk of developing DVT, your health care professional may suggest that you wear it at home and/or during physical activity.

If you are at risk of developing DVT or pulmonary embolism or have had one in the past, it is important to work closely with your health care professional. They may recommend additional treatments, such as medication, to help reduce the risk.

Here are some questions people usually ask about embolism and diet.

What foods should you avoid if you have blood clots?

Currently, there is no evidence that any foods cause blood clots. However, it is best to limit your consumption of overly processed foods that contain calories, fat, sugar and salt, as these foods can increase your risk of heart disease and weight gain.

If you have blood clots, it is important to discuss any changes you want to make to your diet with your health care professional. Some foods may interact with the medications they prescribe.

What foods help in blood clotting?

Some research suggests that a diet rich in antioxidants may reduce the risk of developing blood clots. Foods rich in antioxidants include fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, olive oil, cocoa, and red wine.

Again, be sure to clear any dietary changes with a medical professional to avoid potential drug interactions.

How to solve pulmonary embolism naturally?

You should not attempt to treat pulmonary embolism on your own.

If you think you may have a pulmonary embolism, seek immediate medical attention – it can be fatal.

Pulmonary embolism is a life-threatening condition often caused by a blood clot due to DVT.

Some studies have evaluated the role that diet may play in DVT and pulmonary embolism and have found that although diet is not recognized as a risk factor per se, it may influence other factors that could contribute, such as being overweight and obesity.

A diet rich in antioxidants may be beneficial, but it is not currently recommended as a prevention or treatment.

No specific food is known to reduce or cause blood clots, DVT, or pulmonary embolism. Factors that may increase your risk include lack of physical activity, surgery or injuries, and smoking.

It is best to focus on maintaining an overall healthy lifestyle, which may help prevent pulmonary embolism. Be sure to work closely with a health care professional if you are at risk or if you have questions or concerns.

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