Unlike non-melanoma skin cancer, prostate cancer is The most common type of cancer in men. It’s also a file The second leading cause of death from cancer Among men in the United States, according to the American Cancer Society. Although there is no proven way to prevent prostate cancer, there are ways to reduce your risk by adopting a healthy way of eating, as well as making some lifestyle changes.
What is prostate cancer and who gets it?
Prostate cancer begins in the cells of the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. The prostate, which is about the size of a walnut, is located just below the bladder and produces the fluid that is part of semen.
Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer, and it tends to grow very slowly. It may not be very dangerous as long as it does not spread to other parts of the body. However, as men get older, the chances of developing prostate cancer increase. Also, African American men have about Double the chance of getting prostate cancer compared to white American men. African American men are more likely to die from this disease than white men with prostate cancer. And it can run in the family, so if your father, brother, or other relatives have or have had prostate cancer, you have an increased chance of getting it.
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What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?
You may not have symptoms of prostate cancer, at least, early on. The CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) states that these are the symptoms that could indicate prostate cancer:
- Difficulty starting urination
- Weak or stopped urine flow
- Frequent urination, especially at night
- Difficulty emptying the bladder completely
- Pain or burning during urination
- blood in urine or semen
- Pain in the back, hips, or pelvis that does not go away
- painful ejaculation
These symptoms may be signs of other conditions as well, so it’s important to see your healthcare provider right away if you have any of these.
Is there a relationship between diabetes and prostate cancer?
Men with type 2 diabetes are less likely to develop prostate cancer than men without diabetes, according to a study published in 2017 in the journal Molecular Metabolism and also in 2018 in the journal Endocrine-Related Cancer. However, men with type 2 diabetes who develop prostate cancer are more likely to have the cancer spread to the lymph nodes and have poorer prognosis. Prostate cancer is more serious in men with diabetes.
Researchers at Fox Chase Cancer Center – Temple Health examined 3,176 men undergoing radiation therapy for prostate cancer. Of these, 600 men had type 2 diabetes. Diabetic men who took insulin or who did not take any diabetes medication had a survival rate of less than 5 years, with a 200% increased risk of death compared to men without diabetes. Researchers believe that high blood sugar, insulin, and metformin “may activate cancer-related signaling pathways to cause tumor growth or resistance to treatment, leading to poor outcomes.” However, the researchers note that more research is needed, and they believe that men with prostate cancer “may put the management of other diseases such as diabetes on alert, and these patients may believe that a cancer diagnosis gives them the freedom to live a less healthy lifestyle.” . recommendation? Treat cancer and manage other conditions effectively, with an approach that includes diet, exercise and appropriate medication.
How can you prevent prostate cancer?
The CDC reports that out of every 100 American men, about 13 They will get prostate cancerAbout 2 to 3 men out of 100 will die. While you can’t change some risk factors, such as age, race, and family history, there are steps you can take to lower your risk.
Not surprisingly, a healthy diet is the cornerstone of disease prevention (and health). It’s also not surprising that health experts recommend a diet low in fat and rich in fruits and vegetables. Here are some tips to keep in mind to make sure your diet is at its best:
Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables.
Researchers believe that nutrients in fruits and vegetables may help reduce the risk of prostate cancer (and other types of cancer, too). Aim to include fruits and vegetables at every meal, and if you feel like a snack, eat them instead of processed, high-fat snacks like chips or crackers. Also, choose whole fruits and vegetables (fresh and frozen are great) instead of drinking juice, which can affect your blood sugar. By the way, cooked tomatoes contain an antioxidant called lycopene, which may slow the growth of prostate cancer cells. Cruciferous vegetables, such as broccoli and cauliflower, contain sulforaphane, which has an anti-cancer effect.
Go easy with fat.
There is no need to stop eating foods that contain fat, because some types of fats are healthy. However, in some studies, men who ate a large amount of fat each day were more likely to develop prostate cancer. Also, reducing fat can help control weight and keep your heart healthy.
When you eat fats, focus on the “good” types of fats, such as vegetable oils, nuts, nut butters, fatty fish, and avocados. Fats from red meat, cheese, whole milk, butter, and lard are saturated fats that have been linked to an increased risk of heart disease and inflammation.
Drink coffee and green tea.
According to the Prostate Cancer Foundation, one or two cups of coffee may be drunk daily Helps prevent prostate cancer. Research also indicates that men who drank seven cups of green tea a day were less likely to develop this disease. But stay away from sugar and half and half and cream! Also keep in mind that caffeine may be a problem for you, leading to insomnia, dizziness, fast heartbeat, and headache.
Reduce your intake of charred meat and other foods.
Charred food, from grilling or frying, may be delicious, but it may contain a chemical that can increase your risk of cancer.
Achieving and staying at a healthy weight can help your health in many ways. Research shows that men who are overweight or obese and who have prostate cancer have a higher recurrence of cancer after surgery; It also increases the risk of death. Being overweight or obese can increase levels of insulin and a substance called insulin-like growth factor, which is thought to increase the risk of prostate cancer. In addition, obesity is associated with a decreased concentration of free testosterone, which can lead to the growth of aggressive prostate tumors, and it is also linked to inflammation that may influence the development of prostate cancer.
Talk to your provider or dietitian to come up with a plan to help you reach a healthy, sustainable weight.
Regular physical activity provides a range of health benefits. When it comes to cancer prevention, being active helps support a healthy immune system and reduces inflammation. Another way that physical activity can fight prostate cancer is by helping to control weight, as obesity is associated with more aggressive types of prostate cancer, and being overweight is linked to a recurrence of this cancer in men who have received treatment for prostate cancer. Aim to be active most days of the week, preferably at least 30 minutes at a time.
You already know that smoking is linked to heart disease and lung cancer. When it comes to prostate cancer, smoking increases the risk of an aggressive form of this cancer that metastasizes (metastasizes), according to a study published in the July 2018 issue of JAMA Oncology. This same study showed that men with prostate cancer who smoked had an 89% higher risk of dying from the disease than non-smokers, and a 40% higher risk of developing cancer.
If you smoke, ask your provider about options to help you quit. You can also Get help here.
Talk with your provider about your risk of prostate cancer. The following resources can provide more information about this disease:
Want to learn more about preventing certain types of cancer? Read “What is colorectal cancer and how can you reduce its risk?” and “Skin Cancer: Types, Risk Factors, Prevention, and More.”
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