Learn about the symptoms of HLD and other signs of high cholesterol

Learn about the symptoms of HLD and other signs of high cholesterol

Hyperlipidemia (HLD) is the clinical term for an imbalance of LDL (“bad”) cholesterol, HDL (“good”) cholesterol, and triglycerides. These are blood lipids (lipids) that are important for cellular health and metabolism at normal levels.

However, it can increase the risk of heart attack and other cardiovascular problems when LDL and triglyceride levels are too high and HDL levels are too low.

Although hepatitis C is a potentially serious threat to your health, there are usually few if any symptoms. HLD can be identified in a simple blood test before any complications occur. Once diagnosed, a combination of medications and healthy lifestyle modifications can often raise LDL and triglyceride levels back into the normal range.

HLD indicates an imbalance in cholesterol levels that can lead to serious heart disease.

Cholesterol is measured in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) of blood. You want to keep your LDL and triglyceride levels low, while your HDL levels are healthier if they are higher.

This is because LDL contributes to atherosclerosis, a narrowing of the arteries caused by plaque buildup. The plaques that form along the walls of your arteries are made of cholesterol, fats, and other substances. More plaque means your arteries are less flexible and blood flow is reduced.

This is why LDL cholesterol is called the “bad” cholesterol. HDL cholesterol helps remove LDL cholesterol from the bloodstream, so it is called the “good” cholesterol.

a 2016 study He points out that one of the major threats triglycerides pose to blood vessel health is that elevated levels can contribute to inflammation that damages blood vessels.

Although there is no specific number or set of numbers that defines HLD, a measure called total cholesterol is often used to determine when an individual is at particular risk of complications.

Total cholesterol is calculated by adding LDL and HDL levels, plus 20% of triglyceride levels. An elevated or elevated total cholesterol level indicates hyperlipidemia.

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) uses Next readings To determine when lipid levels have become of concern:

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that 94 million Americans They have total cholesterol levels above 200 mg/dL.

HLD can be a genetic condition, although certain lifestyle behaviors may also contribute to high cholesterol. those Include factors:

  • sedentary lifestyle
  • smoking
  • An unbalanced diet, especially rich in saturated fats and dietary cholesterol
  • obesity

HLD itself has no noticeable symptoms. However, a type of HLD — called HTG or abnormally high levels of triglycerides — is a major contributor to pancreatitis, the painful inflammation of the pancreas. a Study 2019 It indicates that the risks associated with pancreatitis of severe health problems and mortality are significantly higher in people with HTG and diabetes.

HLD can also cause atherosclerosis. Although it does not cause any noticeable symptoms, it is a symptom of The main risk factor for:

Before a major event occurs, reduced blood flow in the arteries can lead to pain. For example, when the heart muscle is thirsty for an adequate flow of oxygenated blood, the resulting chest pain is known as angina.

Peripheral arterial disease occurs when blood flow is reduced in the extremities – usually the lower legs. The main symptoms include pain when walking or standing for a long time. This is called claudication, and it usually subsides with rest. HLD can be linked to these symptoms as well.

a 2019 article It is suggested that HLD should always be considered a lifelong risk factor for cardiovascular atherosclerosis, and that treatment should be started at the earliest signs of HLD, rather than later when significant plaque buildup is already occurring.

While the risks posed by cholesterol imbalances can be cause for concern, there are also many things you can do to control your cholesterol levels at home and with your doctor. A little bit of the The main treatment options include:

  1. Build healthy eating habits: One of the first things to do when trying to lower LDL cholesterol and triglycerides is to eat a heart-healthy diet. The American Heart Association She recommends limiting saturated fat to no more than 6% of your daily calories. You should also try to incorporate more fruits and vegetables into your diet, as well as more lean protein and whole grains.
  2. Create an exercise routine: Exercise is also important. Aim for 150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity exercise, ideally spread over most days of the week, rather than every one or two days. If you are overweight or obese, losing weight may help you get your cholesterol and blood pressure levels to healthy levels.
  3. Avoid tobacco products: Quitting smoking or reducing the amount of smoking is also critical, as it can contribute to plaque buildup and other health problems.
  4. Consider medications: Finally, the doctor may prescribe medications to lower cholesterol, such as statins. There are seven types of statins available in the United States. Each works a little differently, but they all affect cholesterol production in the liver and are usually well tolerated and effective in lowering LDL levels. Statins can sometimes positively affect triglyceride and HDL levels as well.

HLD is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The condition could be present without you even knowing it, as it often has no symptoms. That’s why it’s important to work with your doctor and have your cholesterol levels checked annually or more frequently if your doctor recommends it.

If you can keep your cholesterol levels in the normal range, you may be able to avoid symptoms such as angina or claudication, or more serious complications such as heart attack or stroke.

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