The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) recently released a brief providing strategies for promoting human and animal health and the environment through livestock systems. By investing in these initiatives, the International Livestock Research Institute argues that governments, investors and policy makers can prevent future zoonoses and develop resilient diets.
Zoonoses, also known as zoonoses, can be transmitted between animals and humans. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Three out of four New or emerging infectious diseases in humans originate from both wild and domestic animals. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that zoonotic diseases are responsible for 1 billion injuries Millions of deaths worldwide. Indiana University Environmental Resilience Institute Reports indicate that these diseases are increasing in frequency and severity.
Jamie Smith, director general of ILRI, says in press release.
The one health report He mentions 18 major ways to improve livestock systems in developing countries. The agenda seeks to address the intersection of animal and human health, the environment and well-being.
To protect the three areas, One Health’s expert team focuses on them Seven major areas In the Global South: controlling antimicrobial use, reducing human disease, intersectoral collaboration, using gender-sensitive approaches, managing nature and livestock, maintaining livestock health and welfare, and ensuring food safety. The agenda is tailored towards low- and middle-income countries where livestock are valuable assets for vulnerable communities.
This report comes in anticipation of International Treaty on Epidemic Prevention and Preparedness. Within the World Health Organization, an intergovernmental negotiating body meets to form an international agreement on pandemic prevention, preparedness and response. As the brief outline illustrates, zoonoses are central to the public health discussion, and their prevention should be prioritized.
“As the World Health Organization advances a new pandemic preparedness treaty, it is critical that governments seize the opportunity to invest in livestock systems to improve public health,” says Hung Nguyen Phet, co-chair of the Animal and Human Health Program at the International Livestock Research Institute, in press release.
Zoonoses are spread in a variety of ways. Contact with an animal’s bodily fluids, exposure to mosquito or tick bites, eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water all pose risks of transmission. The risk of zoonoses is exacerbated when animals and people are in close proximity, as in societies that depend on livestock. According to Indiana University Environmental Resilience InstituteOn average, a new infectious disease appears every four months.
The International Aquarium Research Institute and its partners are currently monitoring the transmission of a new disease found among camels – the Middle East respiratory coronavirus (MERS-CoV). As camels become more reliant as livestock for their resilience to climate change, concern about the coronavirus is growing. One Health advocates for strengthening zoonotic disease surveillance, particularly in rural areas of low- and middle-income countries.
“Tackling zoonoses at their source would significantly reduce the number of human diseases and deaths while saving trillions of dollars in the future to combat epidemics or pandemics,” says Nguyen Phet.
In addition to tight surveillance, increased implementation and availability of livestock vaccines is a vital weapon against disease transmission. In recent years, human-caused environmental degradation has exacerbated the rise and spread of disease-resistant pathogens from wild animals. Wild animal species migrate frequently due to deforestation, rising temperatures, and changes in precipitation. per study Posted in Frontiers in veterinary scienceThe interface between wildlife and domestic life can lead to exotic diseases and increase the risk of their spread.
Improvements in domesticated livestock systems could reverse some of the damage and prevent future transmission. Implementing One Health’s recommendations can help livestock keepers reduce greenhouse gas emissions and enhance carbon sequestration. The agenda includes easily implemented improvement strategies, including fertilization. Animal waste, when composted or biodegraded, can be converted into fertilizer or biogas, for example.
The One Health report also identifies improvements in the treatment of animals. Slaughter or confinement techniques can increase the potential for outbreaks, when not done responsibly. Improper packaging, storage, transportation, or preparation of animal products are also common modes of transmission.
The authors argue that investing in the solutions covered in the report can also help achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Livestock can provide greater food security, empower women, enhance nutrition, and provide opportunities for economic growth, among others.
“Healthy livestock means healthy people and environments, which not only enable low-income countries to sustainably develop their economies, but also improve global health security, and reduce the risk of disease outbreaks spreading around the world,” Smith says.
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