Get to know your genes to plan your diet - The New Indian Express

Get to know your genes to plan your diet – The New Indian Express

Express News Service

Chennai: Are you likely to succeed or fail on a ketogenic diet? When it comes to losing weight, is exercise more effective than food choices? Your genes may hold the answer to these questions. Genetic analysis contributes to a growing field of nutritional medicine that offers personalized diet plans based on nutritional genes to help people make informed decisions about their lifestyle habits and health.

What is nutritional genetics?
Nutrigenetics is the study of how genes and diet (nutrients) interact. Genetic variants (genetic differences) predict how an individual’s body will respond to certain nutrients. For example, variants in the FTO gene directly affect metabolism, energy expenditure and energy balance, as well as weight management. FTO genetic variants determine how the body metabolizes carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. With this knowledge beforehand, you can choose a diet plan that works well according to your genetics with the guidance of a dietitian. Nutrigenomic test results help us make our daily nutritional decisions in a better way. For example, your genetic variant may indicate that you are likely to:

  • Having high blood pressure or cholesterol: Knowing this, you can prevent these conditions from occurring. You can, for example, reduce your sodium and saturated fat intake.
  • Cravings Sweets: Create a plan to control sweet cravings and avoid overeating. You may be able to prevent type 2 diabetes by following these findings.
  • Feeling anxious when drinking caffeine: You now know why you feel shaky after drinking caffeine. You may feel inspired to ignore her for good.
  • Lose weight on a high protein diet: Knowing how your body reacts to macronutrients such as protein, fats and carbohydrates will give you the confidence to follow a customized diet plan.
  • Burn more fat with strength training or cardio: Focus on the most efficient fat burning regimen for faster results.

How does food genomics testing work?
The DNA test for nutrition genes is done by swabbing inside your mouth or saliva. It is sent to a laboratory for analysis, and you will receive the results after a few weeks. There are 70 or more genes that can be analyzed at once.

How can food genes affect your diet?
Nutritional genetics allows you to identify the parts of your diet that affect your health and can reduce disease risk. An example is high blood pressure. It’s one thing to know if it runs in your family, but seeing a strong genetic marker is another. Even if you have the alternative, that doesn’t mean it’s inevitable. This is where nutritional genetics can be empowering. With the help of a dietitian, you can develop an actionable plan such as cutting back on sodium to lead a healthier life.

Is nutritional genetics the future of nutrition?
Diet recommendations tailored to nutrition tailored to your genetics, preferences and preferences may replace one-size-fits-all advice in the future. Genetic predispositions are expectations, not guarantees. Nutritional genetics cannot eliminate all trial and error procedures, diet, routine supplementation, and exercise. But the benefit of nutritional genetics is that it gives you a more targeted approach to identifying steps you can take to feel better.

(The writer is a Preventive Health Care Specialist and Director of Joint Management at Indus Health Plus)

#genes #plan #diet #Indian #Express

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.