Does the Mediterranean diet reduce the risk of dementia?

In the past several years, the Mediterranean diet has received a lot of attention due to the many benefits it offers to one’s health. In fact, it still tops US news and world reportexisting The best diets in the world – For the fifth year in a row. However, a new study indicates that mediterranean diet, Which includes eating large amounts of vegetables, legumes, fruits, fish, and healthy fats such as olive oil, as well as dairy, meat, and saturated fatty acids in moderation, may not reduce the risk of cognitive decline in conditions such as mental illness.

Posted in Neurologythe medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology, study emphasized finding modifiable risk factors for mental illness Looking at cases, it is expected to triple over the next 30 years. The study, which followed 28,000 people from Sweden who did not have dementia at the start of the study with an average age of 58 for over 20 years, had participants fill out a seven-day food diary, a questionnaire detailing food frequency, and complete an interview.

The analysis suggested that at the end of the study, 1,943 people, or 6.9 percent, had been diagnosed with dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia.

The study reported that the researchers examined the compliance of the participants’ diets with traditional dietary recommendations and the Mediterranean diet. After adjusting for basic demographics such as age, gender, and education, “the study did not find a link between a traditional diet or Mediterranean diet and reduce the risk of dementia.”

Mediterranean diet may not reduce dementia risk (Source: Getty Images / Thinkstock)

While more research is needed in this area, Niels Peters, of the University of Basel in Switzerland, wrote in an editorial accompanying the study that diet, on its own, may not have a strong enough effect on memory and thinking, but it is likely that one of the factors that affect the course Cognitive function. “It is likely that diet strategies will be needed in conjunction with other measures to control risk factors,” he wrote.

For the non-expert, the Mediterranean diet is rich in healthy fats like omega-3 fatty acids from fatty fish, WalnutsFlaxseeds. Antioxidants from fruits and vegetables such as berries, leafy greens and tomatoes; Fiber from whole grains such as whole wheat, millet, oats, lentils and legumes may help support and protect brain health, said Dr Elaine Candy, a dietitian at Sir HN Reliance Foundation Hospital. “The high content of antioxidants and anti-inflammatory in this diet provides a comprehensive protective effect against oxidative stress that affects blood vessels,” added Dr. Candy.

Even the World Health Organization (WHO) recognized it as a healthy and sustainable eating pattern. Several studies suggest that the Mediterranean diet can help with weight loss and prevention of heart attacks and strokes. type 2 diabetes, and early death. The diet pattern, which originated in the 1960s, is known to have helped people in Mediterranean countries by helping to fight coronary heart disease compared to the United States and other parts of Europe.

Experts told this outlet that even if there is no direct relationship, a good diet always replaces a bad and unhealthy one.

Malnutrition and lack of fluids can contribute to the development and severity of delirium – sometimes referred to as ‘acute disorientation’. Dr Priyanka Rohatgi, Senior Clinical Dietitian at Apollo Hospitals in Bangalore, says that delirium often occurs when a person is ill, and can lead to a rapid deterioration in mental status and behaviour. Sweets, excessive consumption of alcohol and saturated fatty acids are risk factors for dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.

Dr. Rohatgi noted, “Eating natural and healthy food helps maintain better mental health and reduces risk, so the Mediterranean diet is a good option.”

mental illness The risk of dementia can be reduced by lifestyle modification (Source: Getty Images / Thinkstock)

Neha Patodia, Co-Founder and Nutrition Consultant at Nutrimend, agreed that “Because there is no effective drug treatment for common types of dementia, research interest in lifestyle modifications that can prevent, delay or slow the progression of dementia is growing.”

“A lot of studies have been done on the potential link between the Mediterranean diet and a reduced risk of dementia. The Mediterranean diet is associated with a lower risk of many diseases and a longer life span. This diet has risen to popularity because of its sustainable and long-term approach,” he told Patodia’s website stresses the need for long-term randomized trials to determine whether adherence to the Mediterranean diet can prevent or delay the onset of Alzheimer’s disease. illness or dementia;

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