on me 60 million Americans suffer from digestive problems in their lives. While it may not sound dangerous, 12% of inpatient procedures are due to poor gut health. In fact, a review in sleep medicine reviews Note that imbalances in gut health lead to increased sleep problems, skin irritation, and bad breath.
A diverse community of microbes with pluripotent capabilities is often a characteristic of good gut health, said Garrett Swain, associate professor of bacteriology at the University of Wisconsin. This strong and diverse microbial community protects the gut from invasion from pathogens, such as food poisoning, Swain said. Most importantly, he said, the gut microbiome allows the body to obtain necessary compounds and nutrients that it would normally not be able to obtain.
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Other jobs Microorganisms Residency in the digestive system includes breaking down consumed foods, extracting nutrients, and regulating the amount of “bad” bacteria in the gut. Low microbiome diversity It has been shown to be compatible with many non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer and chronic respiratory disease.
Gut germs may not be common knowledge for individuals. Researchers have identified a strong interest in fermented foods as a major driving force in maintaining gut health.
Assistant Professor in the Department of Food Science Victor Augur specializes in fermented foods and beverages, with a background in synthetic biology and fermentation sciences. He believes the interest in fermentation is driven by a desire to eat more organic foods.
“There is a huge realization that some of the things we ferment and eat will give ourselves a chance to get more nutritional value out of them,” Ugur said.
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The fermentation process itself is unique in its universality. Fermentation is used to preserve and add flavors to foods, produce biofuels and even contribute to medicine. For example, Ugur said fermentation is used to make yogurt, cheese, soy sauce, sauerkraut and kombucha.
But, since it is a very versatile scientific process in terms of the food it produces, fermentation is very delicate. It requires following the exact same procedure each time to maintain the same flavors from these foods, Augur said. Factors such as the amount of microorganisms added and the temperature and pH of the environment can affect the fermentation process and distort the flavors of the product.
“Fermentation in food helps us get some nutrients and amino acids that are not readily available while unwanted chemicals like cyanide are stripped from foods that affect gut health,” Augur said.
In other respects, fermentation can be incorporated into medicine by Insulin production To help the cells in the body absorb blood sugar. yet another study It was found that a 10-week diet rich in fermented foods significantly improved the immune response and the diversity of the gut microbiome.
Consume probiotics It is an equally popular way to maintain a healthy gut. probiotics It is known to help fight bad bacteria, make vitamins for the body and prevent bad bacteria from entering the bloodstream.
Consuming probiotics can be especially beneficial in situations such as food poisoning Recovery Some microorganisms in the gut. Swain said the cytotoxins produced by microbes associated with food poisoning can wipe out an entire microbiome.
Although there are many benefits to consuming probiotics, there are still many misconceptions about how effective they really are for gut health and the results they provide.
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Not all probiotics are the same and they have a lot of fluctuation in stress, said Associate Professor of Food Science, Jan-Peter Van Beckeren. He said the effectiveness of each probiotic will depend on the consumer’s microbiome and the probiotic mix – what is effective for one individual may not be for another.
But, this should not discourage individuals from consuming probiotics to maintain gut health. Van Pijkeren said probiotics work for a lot of people, but one type of probiotic may not work as effectively for another individual. Swain also said that there is a lot of variance in the effectiveness of probiotics, underscoring the uncertainty that exists in gut health and consumption of certain foods.
“Because each person’s microbiome and genes are different, you have no idea what effect it will have,” Swain said.
In fact, gut microorganisms vary widely in their ability to live in different conditions, and are affected by the foods an individual consumes. Bacteria require many components and components to thrive.
To support multiple organisms, Swain said, it is believed that it is necessary to diversify an individual’s diet. A diet consisting of a mixture of sugars, fiber and proteins, he said, would result in a more diverse community, thus preserving the gut ecosystem. In contrast, Swain also said that a relatively less diverse community of microorganisms would likely result from consuming a diet based solely on processed foods and sugars.
Ultimately, Swain said, there is no single treatment to create a “healthy gut” to prevent disease. And trying new things, whether it’s fermented foods or probiotics, he said, doesn’t hurt. In fact, it is just as important to identify which methods beneficially affect an individual’s gut health, Swain said.
“We’re still learning a lot in terms of what health really means,” Van Beckeren said.
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