Diet increased fish, fiber, and omega-3 fatty acids may reduce the risk of death in adults with type 2 diabetes

Diet increased fish, fiber, and omega-3 fatty acids may reduce the risk of death in adults with type 2 diabetes

Adults with type 2 diabetes may benefit from having more whole grains, fish, fiber and omega-3 fatty acids in their diet, which may reduce the incidence of death-related disease.

A diet rich in whole grains, fish, and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) can reduce the risk of death from all causes among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D), according to research to be presented in Stockholm, Sweden at the annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Disease diabetes mellitus (EASD).

Following these recommended dietary guidelines can lower blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels and have anti-inflammatory effects. This can eventually reduce the risks of comorbidities such as cardiovascular disease and cancer.

Study author Janet Barbarescu, MD, German Diabetes Center in Dusseldorf, Germany, said in a press release.

Whole grains, fish, and n-3 PUFAs have been observed to have protective measures against all-cause mortality among T2D patients. Additionally, analyzes indicate that large amounts of vegetable and vegetable protein can be beneficial.

Common T2D risks include circulatory disease, dementia, cancer, and bone fractures. Some research links the Mediterranean diet, and other specific dietary factors, with a lower risk of all-cause mortality in T2D patients, but there is still little research on the general diet and its protective effects on T2D risk factors.

A Germany-based research team conducted a systematic review of 107 observational studies that evaluated dietary factors and all-cause mortality risk factors in T2D patients aged 18 years or older. More than a third of these studies were part of 45 larger meta-analyses that looked at dietary factors and any cause of death.

According to the findings, whole grains, fiber, fish, and n-3 PUFAs were negatively associated with all-cause mortality among patients. Patients can reduce their risk of death by 16% by eating 20 g/day of whole grains. The team also found an association between dietary fish consumption and mortality, and the risk of death decreased by 5% with each increase in the weekly serving of fish.

Fiber plays an important role in reducing the risk of death from any cause in T2D patients. Eating a pear, which increases fiber by about 5 grams, can reduce the risk by 14%. Eating just 0.1 grams of the n-3 PUFAs found in fish, nuts, or vegetable oils reduced this risk by 13%.

Consuming 100 grams of vegetables may reduce the risk of death by 12%. Furthermore, consuming 10g of nuts, tofu, beans, or other forms of plant protein per day can reduce the risk of death by 9%.

However, researchers found that a diet rich in eggs, a high-cholesterol food, was associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality. At levels of 300 mg, cholesterol was observed to increase a T2D patient’s risk of all-cause death by 19%.

This was an observational study that could not substantiate its results; Instead, it indicates an association between diet and risk with moderate certainty.

“If individuals with type 2 diabetes are able to add a few servings of whole grains, fibre, fish, vegetable oils and vegetables to their weekly diets, our results suggest that it may be an easy, low-risk way to improve their outcomes,” said Schlesinger, German Diabetes Center, Dusseldorf. and the German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD), Munich-Neuerberg, in the press release.

reference

diabetes mellitus; High intake of whole grains, fibre, fish and omega-3 fatty acids is associated with a reduced risk of death in adults with type 2 diabetes. EurekAlert! September 15, 2022. Accessed September 16, 2022. https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/964799

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