The Environmental Protection Agency’s analysis of formaldehyde, which is used to make hundreds of industrial and consumer products, will begin to receive long-awaited criticism from independent scientists on Wednesday.
A panel of scientists will convene at the invitation of the country’s chief science adviser, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, first meeting to review review formaldehyde assessment Environmental Protection Agency released in April. Rigorous reviews of national academies often take more than a year to complete.
Long-term exposure to small amounts of formaldehyde increases the risk of rare head and neck tumors, leukemia, and other adverse health effects, according to the Environmental Protection Agency.
The information about formaldehyde, if completed, will be used by the Environmental Protection Agency and government regulators to set air emissions limits, determine whether uses of the chemical should be controlled, and make other decisions that affect companies’ bottom lines and human health.
Sahar Osman Sefer, senior director of the formaldehyde panel at the American Chemistry Council, said a wrong assessment could lead to excessively restrictive regulations that could harm the supply chain and consumers and producers who need housing, wood products and other goods. It said by email that products based on formaldehyde technologies supported 961,000 jobs and $506 billion in sales in 2021.
Between 1 billion and 5 billion pounds of formaldehyde has been produced in the United States or imported into the United States in recent years by chemical manufacturers including
Environmental health groups welcomed the EPA’s analysis and review of the scientific advisory board, while industry groups and some congressional Republicans criticized the agency’s conclusions as unscientific. The American Chemistry Council said the analysis and the academies’ procedures were fundamentally flawed through bias and other problems.
It was launched in 1997
The Environmental Protection Agency began reviewing the chemical in 1997 and never finished.
Part of the reason for the inertia is that formaldehyde is an important “building block” chemical used to produce building materials, flooring, medical devices, automobiles, and other products. Found in homes in composite wood products such as solid plywood, adhesives, and more, the Environmental Protection Agency has He said.
Groups opposing any future controls on formaldehyde suggest that it is also produced in nature by the metabolism of plants, animals, bacteria and humans.
EPA political leadership halted completion of formaldehyde review during Trump administration, Government Accountability Office Report It concluded in 2019.
Senator Tom Carper (D-D), who now chairs the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee, said during a meeting. 2019 Oversight Session.
But the EPA’s failure to clearly explain its reasons for drawing similar conclusions about formaldehyde’s health effects more than a decade ago, prompted the National Academies to Committee in 2011 To detonate this report and the process used to create it.
The agency has since revamped its Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) program that examines the health risks of chemicals and the quantities of chemicals that can cause harm. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine applauded the agency’s changes.
but the American Chemistry CouncilAnd the Louisiana Chemical Societydoes not depend on lubricant oil manufacturers Association (ILMA), Republican House members Mike Carey (Ohio), Robert E. Lata (Ohio), and David B. Joyce (Ohio) and Bruce Westerman (Ark.) Scientific inaccuracies in the agency’s analysis and flawed procedures fundamentally undermine the document’s potential usefulness.
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