Changing the diet may have a greater impact on reducing heart risk in people with high blood pressure

Changing the diet may have a greater impact on reducing heart risk in people with high blood pressure

Research Highlights:

  • In a simulated study using the latest US statistics for stage 1 hypertension, researchers found that making lifestyle changes to lower systolic blood pressure below 130 mm Hg could prevent 26,000 heart attacks and strokes and reduce healthcare costs over the next 10 years.
  • Among the many lifestyle changes, such as diet, weight loss, physical activity, etc., the study found that the greatest impact on reducing cardiovascular events may come from the Diet to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet.
  • The analysis found that widespread adoption of nonpharmacological interventions in lower-risk American adults with stage 1 hypertension could prevent nearly 26,000 cases of cardiovascular disease, avoid 2,900 deaths and save about $1.6 billion in associated health care costs. out over ten years.

Banned until 6AM PT / 8AM ET / 9AM ET Wednesday Sep 7, 2022

SAN DIEGO, September 7, 2022 — Among the many lifestyle changes that may reduce cardiovascular disease, following the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet may have the greatest impact on young and middle-aged adults with high blood pressure in the United States. The first stage, according to the new. Research presented at the 2022 American Heart Association Hypertension Scientific Sessions, held September 7-10, 2022, in San Diego. The meeting is the first scientific exchange focusing on recent advances in basic and clinical research on hypertension and its relationship to heart and kidney disease, stroke, obesity and genetics.

According to guidelines shared by the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology, stage 1 hypertension is defined as a systolic blood pressure level (the top number) 130-139 mm Hg or a diastolic blood pressure measurement (the bottom number) 80-89 mm Hg.

Researchers estimate that widespread adoption of lifestyle changes, such as reducing heavy alcohol consumption and exercising regularly, could prevent thousands of deaths and save more than $1 billion in health care costs over the next 10 years. Their analysis found that adopting the DASH diet could have the greatest benefit, preventing an estimated 15,000 cases of heart disease among men and 11,000 cases among women.

The dash An eating plan specifically designed to help manage blood pressure. The diet focuses on foods including fruits, vegetables, lean meat sources, nuts, seeds, and grains, and limits consumption of red meat, sodium, sugars, and sugar-sweetened beverages.

The research team estimated that 8.8 million adults in the United States, ages 35 to 64, have untreated stage 1 hypertension, and recommend lifestyle changes, such as physical activity, ongoing weight loss, moderation in alcohol intake, and alcohol dependence. The DASH diet.

In the absence of other health conditions, such as type 2 diabetes or kidney disease, and a predicted > (10%) 10-year CVD risk, people with stage 1 hypertension are considered to be at low risk of seizures. Heart attack or stroke compared to people with stage 2 or high blood pressure. Stage II hypertension is defined as systolic measures of 140 mm Hg or higher, or diastolic measures of 90 mm Hg or higher. Recommendations for treating people with stage 1 high blood pressure are based primarily on lifestyle changes rather than medications.

said Kendra de Sims, PhD, MPH, a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California, San Francisco and co-author of the study. “Our results provide strong evidence that large-scale health behavior modifications may prevent future heart disease, related complications, and increased health care costs.”

To simulate heart disease and stroke events, deaths, and health care costs between 2018 and 2027, the researchers applied evidence from published meta-analyses and trial data on the blood pressure-lowering effects of lifestyle changes: dietary changes, ongoing weight loss, and physical activity. Quit smoking and moderate alcohol intake. About half of the typical population were women and 61% (5.5 million) had regular access to health care.

Researchers have found that making recommended lifestyle changes to control blood pressure below 130 mm Hg systolic or 90 mm Hg diastolic may have significant health and economic benefits. They estimated that lifestyle changes could:

  • prevent 26,000 cases of cardiovascular disease, such as stroke, heart failure, or heart attack;
  • avoided 2,900 deaths; And the
  • Save $1.6 billion in associated healthcare costs.

“Unfortunately, the availability and affordability of healthy food sources does not easily allow people to follow the DASH diet. Clinicians should consider whether their patients live in food deserts or places with limited walking distance. Health advice should include addressing these specific control challenges. in blood pressure,” Sims said.

In May, the association published a policy statement, Strengthening US Food Policies and Programs to Promote Equality in Food Security, which recommends expanding and improving U.S. nutrition policies and programs to ensure all Americans have access to nutritious foods. In 2020, the association launched National Initiative to Combat Hypertensiona collaborative initiative with the US Department of Health and Human Services that aims to improve blood pressure control among the most vulnerable populations, including racial and ethnic minorities.

“People in many disadvantaged communities face barriers to accessing healthy food and regular health care,” Sims said. This means that they will not be able to benefit from consulting a doctor. Future research should look at the big picture: social conditions give people time and resources to make healthy lifestyle choices. Only with this information can we develop policies to prevent heart disease, especially for adults at risk.”

Study co-authors are Pengxiao C. Wei, MPH; Brandon K. Bellows, PharmD, MA; Joanne Benco, MS, MPH; Susan Hennessy, Ph.D.; Dhruv S. Kazi, MD, MA; Ross Boylan, Ph.D.; Andrew E. Moran, MD, MSc; and Kirsten Bibbins Domingo, Ph.D., MD

NB: Sims will present the expected impact of nonpharmacological management of stage 1 hypertension among lower-risk American adults at 11:15 a.m. PST on Saturday, September 10. PResentment #137; Session 21 d

The statements and conclusions of studies presented at the American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect the association’s policy or position. The Society makes no representation or warranty as to its accuracy or reliability. Abstracts submitted at IASC scientific meetings are not subject to peer review, but are coordinated by independent review committees and considered based on potential to add to the diversity of issues and scholarly opinions discussed at the meeting. The results are considered preliminary until they are published as a full manuscript in a peer-reviewed scientific journal.

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About the American Heart Association

The American Heart Association is a relentless force for a world of longer, healthier lives. We are committed to ensuring equitable health in all communities. By collaborating with many organizations, and with the support of millions of volunteers, we fund innovative research, advocate for public health and share life-saving resources. The Dallas-based organization has been a major source of health information for nearly a century. Contact us at heart.orgAnd the FacebookAnd the Twitter Or by calling 1-800-AHA-USA1.


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