Angioplasty for heart valve repair: procedure and recovery

Angioplasty for heart valve repair: procedure and recovery

Deformed or damaged heart valves often need repair. This repair can be done through a procedure called annuloplasty. Annuloplasty can reshape or strengthen the annulus (annulus) that surrounds the valve in the heart.

The heart is made up of a series of valves, chambers, arteries and veins that regularly pump and move blood through it to the body. It is a well-timed machine that keeps us energetic, attentive and energetic.

Sometimes, parts of the heart can become deformed or stretched. Heart valves are particularly vulnerable to this. The valves are plates that open and close to allow blood to flow into the heart but prevent any blood from flowing backward.

Here, we’ll look at why annular angioplasty is needed, how the procedure is performed, and what the outlook is for people who have one.

The heart’s four valves open and close to move blood through the heart’s chambers. When they are opened, blood enters and the valves close. With the next beat, the blood is expelled as the heart pumps. This is done over and over again, thousands of times every day.

However, sometimes these valves can stretch or deform. This can occur from disease or normal changes in the valves.

If this happens, the valves cannot effectively block blood flow in the wrong direction ora leak. “

a leak maybe he did The heart pumps less effectively. This can lead to symptoms such as weakness, fatigue and shortness of breath. Without proper treatment, the risk of blood clots, heart failure, and cardiac arrest can increase.

Then annuloplasty may be needed. During this procedure, the surgeon implants an angioplasty ring. This ring acts as a support or reinforcement for the valve. The ring is made of either metal, plastic, or mesh.

By implanting this ring, the valve will be able to close more effectively, and the risk of retrograde blood flow is reduced.

Around 2.5% of the US population has valvular heart disease. This is the name for the condition that causes changes in the heart valves.

People with an enlarged heart may also need angioplasty. Tightening the muscles may prevent the valve stems from closing and opening properly.

There are four types of angioplasty:

The type of valve repair you need depends on the valve that is defective or damaged. You may need more than one repair.

Before the procedure, your surgeon will likely ask you to fast the night before surgery. You may also need to stop taking certain medications, such as blood thinners, for several days before surgery. This is because blood thinners increase the risk of bleeding.

There are two ways to perform angioplasty: open heart or minimally invasive. These procedures are described below.

You’ll be under general anesthesia no matter what procedure you’re having. This means that you will be asleep during the surgery and not be aware of what is happening.

During an open heart angioplasty, the surgeon will:

  1. A large incision is made in the chest near the heart
  2. Locate the affected heart valve and place or sew an angioplasty ring around the heart valve
  3. Close the incision with sutures or surgical glue

During minimally invasive surgery, the surgeon will:

  1. Make several small incisions in the chest near the heart
  2. Insert small, flexible tubes with cams or instruments through the incisions
  3. Use tools and a camera to place or sew an angioplasty ring around the affected heart valve
  4. Pull out the tools and the camera, then close the incisions with glue or sutures

Over time, the heart muscle will grow around the annulus, and will function as any other part of the heart.

Immediately after surgery, you will rest in the recovery area of ​​a hospital or surgical ward. Nurses and other health care professionals will monitor your recovery.

People who have had a minimally invasive procedure may be able to go home in 3 to 5 days, as long as there are no complications.

People who have had open heart surgeries will need to stay longer, often up to 7 days. If there are any complications in recovery, they will need to stay in the hospital for a longer period.

Once you are discharged from the hospital, you will have a set of instructions to follow. Your doctor will discuss these with you before and after surgery. These instructions will include details about how long you need to limit physical activity and strenuous work, and when you can resume some daily activities.

You’ll schedule follow-up appointments with your surgeon or doctor after surgery. During these visits, they will check the incisions to make sure they are healing properly. They may also order an imaging test, such as an echocardiogram, to see how well the new ring is working.

Most people They will only need to have an angioplasty in their lifetime for valve dysfunction. This procedure is very effective. In fact, angioplasty is performed in Almost all cases Mitral and tricuspid valve repair.

One 2020 study found that the estimated survival rate one year after surgery was as high as 94% For people who have had tricuspid annuloplasty. According to a 2007 study, the 1-year survival rate after mitral valve repair was 96%.

People with an annulus angioplasty will have lifelong follow-up exams with a cardiologist to monitor the placement and success of the annulus. One Study 2021 It has been found that people who have had surgery can develop complications, including blood clots, years after surgery.

As with any surgery, angioplasty can have risks. These are primarily related to recovery and the possibility of infection after the procedure.

The risks of angioplasty include:

  • Episode crash
  • Arrhythmia
  • blood clots
  • bleeding
  • brain attack
  • infection

If you notice any redness or swelling around the incision sites, seek medical attention. You may have an infection and need antibiotics before it gets worse.

Likewise, if you experience symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest pain, or weakness, seek emergency medical attention. These may be symptoms of a blood clot.

Angioplasty is a common procedure used to repair damaged or damaged heart valves.

Without this procedure, the heart valve may not close properly and blood can leak backward. Over time, this can cause symptoms such as shortness of breath, irregular heartbeat, and swollen feet or ankles. Blood clots are possible and can be fatal.

Annuloplasty is usually a very successful procedure. Rarely, people who have surgery may need additional repair of the affected valve.

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